Saturday, March 28, 2015


It was strange that I feel sad for a man whom I never met. Have not really even really read one of his greatest trilogy writings. Have heard about younger generations of Singaporean ranting for wanting more freedoms. Certainly have seen a successful Singapore, feel safe walking any where you want and getting a lot things done very fast.

If you want to know how much respect you got is what your people say about you when you are no longer around. Even Dr. M has something nice to say about him, in a personal way, Kuan Yew and I

What he has done inspired many third world countries to do the same. China was one of them. Deng Xiao Ping opened up China after a visit to Singapore. As a result of that, millions and millions of people were liberated from poverty. I am sure the world has also benefited from this multiplier effect.

The greatest criticism on him was authoritarian style. Many have also abused by saying a country can achieve what Singapore had achieved if they sacrifice some of their freedom. In a real world, it is not so simple.

I had a long walk this morning to think about this. My conclusion was, yes I don't mind to submit to a leader who is smart(1st class Cambridge graduate), a workaholics, 100% clean and like a candle that burning himself to light up the nation. That is why too, many tried the model, only a handful successful because some ingredients were missing. Thanks LKY.

Monday, February 23, 2015

Ringgit to USD Chart ...... pray it does not breakout @ MY 3.70 !

MYR closed at 3.64 against USD today. It's getting very close to 2009 level.

We may think that USD is universally getting stronger against a lot of currencies but look this. I do not want to show SGD here because we always have something to say that they are a well managed country. Let's compare to Thailand.....Geez......holidaying in Thailand seems to get much more expensive.

I don't think Ringgit depreciation is driven by poor sentiments or uncertainty caused by 1MDB alone. First almost default on RM 2 billion loand and now rumors are swirling of RM 3 billion cash injection needed.

Something is wrong!

But at the same time, things seem to be quite calm in the bond markets.

Our 10 year yield is still quite stable and I do hope things will be under control. The movement so far has been in locked steps with US 10 year bond yield though there were some spikes that quickly brought back under control.

The divergent is building up. It's really time to be vigilant.

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Spring Cleaning.........Welcoming Goat Year

Aha.........the good news is I have finally done spring cleaning my house. When I was young, I remembered we all would gathered at grandma house turning her house upside down to make it sparkling clean. We would repaired leaked roof and repainted the gate. Then welcomed a new year.

During those days, it were really special occasions that we get to eat chicken and receiving red packets. 

During those days, red packets were more symbolic gesture of love than money.

The situation is quite different nowadays - the tradition is either disappeared fast or hard laborers of love replaced by maids......sigh.......The situation has also changed due to much smaller family size. In my case, I ended up doing most of the works(without maids).

I finally reached the last and my favorite place today -- my's a place that we tend to throwing in our stuffs or keeping our stuffs promise to deal with it. It's kind of writing IOU. Unfortunately we usually default on our IOU - don't make good on our promises. I finally resolute to make good of my spring cleaning. 

I found there were many things that obsoleted, I mean technologically....So I finally made up my minds to get rid of the ADSL modems  as we had transitioned to Unifi. I found copies and copies of old annual reports and also warranty cards that more than 5 years old. Sorry, those were also finally ended up in a big rubbish bag.

I also had something I really wanted to keep such as this old mobile phone which is more than  17 years old.....Not too sure it will worth a lot of money if I keep it for another 17 years old.

I also have a prized 17" Macbook Pro that was 12 years old. The screen was not in working conditions but it was still one of those stuffs that I wish keep.

Apple MacBook Pro 17in

Fortunately for me this year, when come to investment portfolio, I don't have to work very hard. It looks pretty clean because most of them are in cash or really long term investment that I don't intend to sell even during the next bear markets.  Despite of high cash position, I still have no intention to re-balance it by moving some of cash to equities or other assets. It is not so fun though seeing strong markets rebound from sharply oversold markets in December 2014. I keep reminding myself everyday that it is better to have lower return from risk free investment than making a negative return by making wrong moves at the wrong time. 

Wishing everyone a happy Chinese New Year. May the year of goat brings lots of good lucks, good health and good fortunes.

Image result for goat year picture

Sunday, January 4, 2015

Are you(Am I) prepared to retire?

You might find it weird that I post about the subject as my first posting of 2015. No particular reasons just that after taking a long break, I want to get more clarity what exactly is retirement.

I am bored and tired of the same old, same old text book writings or advice about retirement. It's always about money, money and money. We all will be blasted of not having enough money to retire. We will run out of EPF money within 30 months and etc. Therefore, starts with PRS and so on.

What make me feel even more sick is whole bunch of these people who are advising other people about retirement, are people who never experiencing retirement themselves. They just copy and paste from textbook without serious efforts of getting primary or secondary research.

Money matters aside, I think there are some other big pieces of puzzles are missing. Let's warm up with simple questions like What exactly retirees do? We all dream of retiring, Yes? What would you(I) want to do with this new found freedom? Or suddenly turn ourselves into "billionaires" of time?

Before I go on, I have a qualifier: I have never experience retirement myself too. The subject pops up is just to provoke myself to kind of thinking through about retirement. Hopefully, I have sufficient clarity before I really decided to retire. After I started to make this entry I found out reality(facts) and imagined retirement(myths) could be two very different animals. I don't want to just focus on the financial preparation alone but also thinking through how am I going to live until the day I going back to see the Lord!

I have a hard time to think how are we going to fill our new found 16 hours(24 minus 8 hours sleep) for the next 15 to 40 years. One-Five is a long time, Four-Zero is closer to eternity. Looking back, during my career, I have quite a number of events that break my monotony. Most of the challenges are forced by changing business or personal environments. Living for next One-Five and Four-Zero years doing the same thing(or no idea of doing anything) is quite a scary thought to me. I have more to comment on this later.

An ideal retirement according to our imaginations or told by people are(my comments are in red color):

# 1 - Spend more time with the loved one. Be careful of what you wish for. You might find out the more time you have with your loved one ended up with more quarrels. You may ended up finding more ugly sides of yourself or loved one.

# 2 - Travel around the world. Each trip may last you 3 days to 15 days, what are you going to do with the rest of 350 to 362 days, not to mention the depletion in your saving account?

# 3 - Improve your home. Sounds reasonable. Repair here and there, do a bit of gardening, vacuum and shine the whole house. Technically we have just found ourselves a full time job coming out from retirement.

# 4 - Community service. Spend more time in the church, temple, mosque, etc......volunteer ourselves. It's a noble inspiration. But....a big BUT. Are you ready for public service? Public service can mean it's a thankless job. A candle burning itself? Not everyone has that calling. 

# 5 - Learn something new. Yea.....great idea. Do it today! If you can't do it today means you won't do it when you're retired.

# 6 - Execise. This is another no brainer. What is preventing you exercise today? Kick your butt and get the fuck out of couch watching the TV, surfing Internet, etc.....Just do it!

# 7 - Reward yourself.  Draw up a bucket climb Mount Everest, buy a xxx car, drink that xxx wine, switch to xxx brand clothing. Nice in theory.

The list can be endless.........on those so called retirement dreams.

In reality, these are more likely.

# 1 - Sleeping. When you are inactive, the tendency of sleeping or taking naps are high. 

# 2 - Watching TV. Most likely you will spend about 4 - 5 hours daily watching TV.

# 3 - Surfing the internet. Facebook, gossips, blogging, and etc.....

# 4 - Eating. In an unhurried life, we tend to spend more time to prepare food and also eat more slowing. Some may even travel miles and miles to find things to eat.

# 5 - Shopping. Like teenagers with so much time at their disposal. They ended up with lots of window shopping. 

# 6 - Reading. Yea, I think most people will try to read from cover to cover with a few cups of coffee.

# 7 - Socializing. Personally I don't have that many friends. So I am not so sure about this. Again, talking to the same friend over and over again for next 15 to 40 years is kind of weird and scary.

You may start to protest and demanding the punch line. What are you trying to say?

Do you have any aspirations when you quit your full time job(voluntarily or by forced)?

Before we talk about aspirations, let me share my views of what my retirement certainly SHOULDN'T be:

  • Running away from the world. We shall never alienated ourselves to a monastery to be monks or nuns(unless you strongly feeling that you have the calling).
  • Downgrade ourselves to become manual laborers - butler, driver or housemaid.
  • When time turning from a friend into an enemy. Getting ourselves into trouble of developing clinical depression that leads to all kind of other problems - alcoholism, womanizing, popping blue pills or all kind of escapism.
  • Wasting time endlessly gossiping about people, politics or any other special topics, stocks. Yes, especially the last one is dangerous because thoughts will eventually trigger action.
  • Mechanical programs that sold by imaginary successful retirement like go round the world, fulfilling exotic bucket list wishes, play golf, etc.....  
  • Volunteer ourselves to do community works just because we have nothing better to do.
  • Turning ourselves for next half our life into somebody who are worse off than our first half of our life. Why should l sleep more than it should be? Why shall I spend more time on a couch? Why should I allow my physical and mental sharpness to deteriorate?
  • Preparing our funeral.

P.S. My postings will be infrequent until market valuations improved or I might write additional follow up thoughts on this topic.

Happy New Year 2015!

Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Wrapping Up 2014 - Turtle Portfolio

It's this time of the year again, that most people will be heading to shopping malls, restaurants or bars to celebrate the closing of 2014 and welcoming 2015.

For me, it's time to stay at home and do nothing. My private lifestyle and investment philosophy are identical. I hate crowds. For most people silence is very frightening. They felt that they can't breathe, as if they are trapped in a bottle sealed with vacuum. It is the opposite for me, noises from the crowds will make me feel that I am trapped in a drum with somebody drumming so hard trying to burst my eardrums and head.

For most people, inactive is only for birds(small brains). They think they got to beat the index. Or only idiots will stick with risk free investment. Sitting still makes them feel that they are trapped in a vacuum bottle. They just can't breathe.

Turtle Investor Portfolio on the overall is very cash rich. It has risen to RM 79 k or 95% cash. Return on capital was RM 11 k or 15%(CAGR of 3.25%). With so much cash on hand, it will be very handy during bears hunting seasons. I am getting more excited because the bull market is getting older and older each day.

In 2014, I bought only 1 stock for Turtleinvestor portfolio, CIMBA50. It's an ETF that has exposure to China Stock market, it has risen by 25%. Though the exposure was small, I was happy because of my strong convictions about China was vindicated.

Did I regret for not able to much move cash in 2014 ? Absolutely not, on the contrary I felt the opposite way. I feel rewarded for doing nothing.  KLCI closed at 1852 on first trading day of 2014 and as I making an entry, KLCI is around 1766 or minus 4.6% return. If we look at individual stocks, losses could be even more glaring for those who had bought stocks this year. 

Even some regarded as safe stocks like Petronas Dagangan which many regarded it has many Buffett-like qualities company falling like a hot knife piercing through butter, with many bleeding hands. For those think valuation does not matter, think again. They must be licking their wounds quietly defending themselves as long term investors. I bet if the price were to drop another 20-25%, these long term investors will be selling out like nobody business, then then call themselves traders who are cutting losses.

I suddenly found many people feel their brains turbo-charged to IQ 180 talking about Black Swans. Nobody ever foresee that crude oil price can collapse in 2014. They can draw all kind of trend lines and all kind of technical indicators but when the trend reverse, gravity rules breaking so many ribs in a short time. If we don't respect random walks of markets, let's be more humble.

Even the bluest of blue chip oil and gas stock can free fall.

Let me show you another chart, our Finance sector is the process of making a downtrend and essentially it will drag KLCI lower. Over the last few years, the loan growth had been going into unproductive area such as cars and funding after ever rising housing prices. May be some will still argue that we have 83% household debt to GDP but we are also been backed by solid assets, let's not get too negatives. Just consider this, even I am sold with the arguments of many experts justified reasoning of no housing bubbles but it is also a sure sign of people have maxed out their credit. For this reason alone, we ought to leave our mind open that housing prices can reverse direction.

Please don't get me wrong. I am not in the mood of bashing or spreading bearish views.

Rather, I find the wisdom of Warren Buffett is more apparent as time goes by.

Rule # 1 don't lose money.

Rule # 2 Refer to Rule # 1.

I find the witty side of Buffett's new wisdom, Virginity can only be preserved and cannot be restored. So???? Don't get fuck by the markets. 

My posting will continue to be infrequent until market valuations are getting more attractive. 

Until then, Happy New Year!

Sunday, November 9, 2014

Kopi O vs. Latte

The Star

We say white coffee, you say latte

Fingers are again pointing at youths’ lifestyle for their high rate of debt and bankruptcy. But young people are saying it is a generation gap.

You may read the whole article at

So "old" men/women say "Hey Big Spender". Young men or women shouted back "you don't understand".  You take bus. Use dumb phone. They screamed "be reasonable".

If we look at the current developments around the world, the income disparities is certainly an issue. Malaysia is no exception. Those in middle 40% income growth is certainly not doing better. The income growth is certainly slow.

Each year, we produce about 180,000 graduates and close to 40% of them(public university) are either jobless or stuck in mismatched fields.

We are also caught in a vicious circle due to lack of quality graduates causing us to get stuck with middle income trap. So a fresh graduate may be ended up earning around RM 2,500 to RM 3,000/month. So there is a truth of Gen Y claims that today's employer pay them peanuts.

If income growth is slow or stagnant, we do have a major issue especially they have to battle with high costs of living. I will not dwell into details of big picture how central bankers around the world had contributed to this problem. Just to mention briefly that loose monetary policies, bankers greed and lack of government supervision created the messes and bubbles that resulted the world is going through tremendous adjustments. 

Is car a necessity? Is smartphone a necessity? Short answer is Yes. Given such a screw up public transportation in Malaysia, it is impossible to move around. Is smartphone a necessity? Yes, there is not much different between a dumb phone and a smart phone. Speed is a must in today's society. Hence, to be reachable and stay connected is a must.

Then the argument of Kopi O and Latte. Is is wrong that Gen Y hangs around Starbuck for RM 15/cup of coffee? My view, if it is a social gathering, 3 to 4 times a  month should not kill you.

So Gen Y reader may feel better because that sounds like at least this Gen X writer understand what is Gen Y is going through. However, before you hit recommended or thinking to send it to you father or mother, please read on. 

The question is why youth ended up with bankruptcy? Or what are the ramifications of a bankrupt? There are 34 FAQs that everyone should know. I think the law is a bit strict in Malaysia. For not able to pay RM 30 k can end up with bankruptcy is truly not worth it.

1. Can a bankrupt continue using his existing credit card?
A bankrupt can only use his existing credit card up to the amount of RM1000.00. If the bankrupt wishes to continue using his credit card for an amount of more than RM1000.00, he must notify the issuing bank or finance company as to the status of his bankruptcy so as to allow them to decide whether they are prepared to continue to extend the credit to the bankrupt. If the bankrupt fails to notify the issuing bank or finance company, he will be deemed to have committed an offence under the Bankruptcy Act 1967.

2. Can a bankrupt make an application to DGI to reduce the amount of debt?
The DGI has a duty to supervise the conduct of a debtor and to administer the debtor's estate. However, DGI has no power to reduce the amount of debt that has been filed by creditors. If a bankrupt intends to reduce the amount of debt for the purpose of making full settlement, he should write in or meet the officer at the particular Bank stating his intention to do so. In the event the Bank agrees to lower the amount of debt, he has to make payment in the specified amount to DGI. We will then proceed to declare the dividend to creditors.
3. Can a bankrupt make direct payment to the creditor to settle his debt?
A bankrupt is not allowed to make direct payment to the creditor and all payment has to be made through the DGI. The payment will be credited into the estate account and distributed to the creditors who have filed in Proof of Debt.
4. Can a bankrupt open a bank account or continue using his existing account?
Once person is made a bankrupt, his existing account shall be deactivated and withdrawal of money would be debarred. A bankrupt, however, may open a bank account or continue using his existing account for reasons such as crediting his salary or any profit gained provided he obtains the permission of the DGI. He would then have to make an application for permission of DGI for reactivation of the account.
The application to obtain the DGI's permission in both cases shall be made to the respective MdI branch, where his bankruptcy case is being administered.
5. Can a bankrupt transfer his property?
A bankrupt is not allowed to transfer his property to a third party once a Receiving and Adjudication Order has been entered against him. As soon as a person is declared bankrupt, any of his property shall be automatically vested upon the DGI.
6. Can a bankrupt travel overseas?
A bankrupt may not travel overseas unless with the written permission from the DGI or after obtaining a court order allowing him to do so. In order to get a written permission from the DGI, a bankrupt has to make an application by stating his intention, reasons and duration of travelling. The application form with supporting documents must be sent to the Branch that administers his. Our dedicated officers will process the application and will inform the bankrupt on the decision of his application via his preferred mode i.e e-mail, phone call or letter. The application can be downloaded in our website under 'Forms' link.

7. Can a person declare himself/herself a bankrupt if he is unable to pay his debts?

A person can make an application in court to declare himself/herself a bankrupt as allowed under section 7, Bankruptcy Act 1967. The person is required to file a petition in a High Court stating his inability to pay his debt. The procedures required to be followed are stated specifically in the Bankruptcy Act 1967 and Rules, and one can consult a solicitor to take further actions. For further information, one can contact the nearest MdI's branch for advice or MdI's Complaints Unit directly.

8. Can I remain as director of a company if I have been made a bankrupt?

An undischarged bankrupt is disqualified from acting as a director of a company pursuant to the Companies Act. If a bankrupt wishes to act as a director of a company, he/she must seek the approval of the DGI or grant of leave from the Court.

It is also important to note that except with the permission of the DGI or Court, a bankrupt is not allowed to:

(a) work in the business of a spouse, children or relative; and

(b) enter or carry on any business, either alone or in partnership.

9. Can my parents who are bankrupts visit me in other country?

Travelling abroad is allowed only with the permission of the DGI who has been entrusted with the discretion by law. The primary purpose is to ensure all bankrupts give their utmost priority to payment of debts. That is the reason why social visit is strongly prohibited because it is assumed that such money should be used for the purpose of paying the debt. Factors such as good cooperation, compliance to rules and obligation, initiative to settle debt are utmost important in determining whether a bankrupt is allowed to travel overseas or otherwise. All documents relating to travelling overseas can be obtained in our website under 'Forms' link.

10. Can the Department of Insolvency (MdI) make a person bankrupt?

MdI does not make people bankrupt. As aforementioned, a person is made bankrupt by a court order either by an application by a creditor, or by his own application. Once a bankruptcy order is made by the court, the DGI in law will become the administrator of his estate and also to oversee his conduct towards an effective completion of his bankruptcy.

11. Do my creditors have a right to seize my properties after I have been made a bankrupt?

As a bankrupt, your assets vest in the DGI. Creditors can take no further legal proceedings against you to recover any debts incurred before your bankruptcy. Nevertheless, a secured creditor may seize and realize your property. The proceed of the sale will be used for paying off your debt, in some cases where there are balance money after paying off the debt, it will be returned back to DGI to be credited back into the estate account of the bankrupt.

12. How can a bankrupt be released from his bankruptcy status?

There are three main ways as to how a bankrupt can have his bankruptcy terminated:

(a) Making an application in court at any time for the bankruptcy order to be annulled on grounds ie debt has been paid in full or that he ought not to be made a bankrupt on some technical grounds;

(b) Making an application in court at any time for a court discharge. This is subject to a stringent requirement and the Insolvency Department has to put a report emphasizing among others the conduct and cooperation of the bankrupt with the department. 

(c) Making an application to the DGI for a discharge under section 33A of Bankruptcy Act 1967. Such application can only be made only if 5 years has lapsed from the date order was made upon satisfying some criteria imposed by the DGI for the exercise of his discretion. Among the factors that the DGI will take into consideration are the conduct of the bankrupt, the extent of his cooperation with us, the cause for bankruptcy, old age and infirmities etc.

13. How can I be made a bankrupt? 

You can only be made a bankrupt by a court order. Nevertheless, there are two methods in which the court order may be granted i.e. either by a creditor commencing a bankruptcy proceeding against you by presenting a creditor's petition in court, or you may also voluntarily seek a court order to be made a bankrupt by presenting a debtor's petition in court.

14. How do I conduct bankruptcy search? 

You may conduct an online search at our website under the 'Services' link. A fee of RM12.00 will be charged to your credit card. Please note that payment must be done via credit card only. Another method is via counter in our Headquarters Putrajaya. A fee of RM10.00 is payable via cash. You will receive the bankruptcy search result within 15 minutes.

15. How does my bankruptcy affect my current or future employment?

Bankruptcy does not prevent you from working. Nevertheless, a bankrupt working in other sectors should check whether there is any stipulation of such in his/her employment contract or other company documents. Please refer to 'RESTRICTIONS ON BANKRUPT'.

16. If I am Director of a company or a Partner in a firm and I’m adjudged a bankrupt, would it affect my position and role in the company or firm? 

In such circumstances, if you wish to proceed to be in control of the management, you must seek the DGI's permission or you may obtain the court's permission. If after been declared a bankrupt and you accept an offer of such position, similar requirement applies:

(a) A bankrupt is not allowed to enter into or carry on any business either alone or in partnership, or become a director of any company or take part in the management of any company except with the permission of the Director General of Insolvency (DGI) or court. 

(b) A bankrupt is not allowed to work in the business of a relative except with the permission of the DGI or court.

(c) A bankrupt working in other sectors shall be subject to the terms and condition stipulated in his/her employment contract and the laws related to that professions.

17. Is there a minimum amount owed for a person to be a bankrupt? 

Yes, the creditor may file for bankruptcy action against you if the debt owing is more than RM 30,000.

18. Is there a possibility a person can be declared bankrupt without his knowledge? 

Yes, a person could be made a bankrupt without him knowing it. This may be due to the legal document is sent to his old address; he does not update his address; does not reach him, doesn't read newspaper if the document is served by a substituted service procedure, he did not turn up in court, he doesn't bother to accept or open any legal document sent to him at his address. 

As to the said procedure of notifying the judgment debtor, there are rules and procedures to be followed in varied situations. Generally, all service of court documents to make a debtor bankrupt must be personally served. For this, most creditors will rely on the most recent address in their record. This will be very much depending on the borrower or guarantor to update the particular detail. In most cases, it is shown that they failed to locate and served those people. 

In that situation the law allows creditor to serve using what is called a substitute service procedure i.e by advertising in the papers and after certain days, the debtor or guarantor is deemed to have received the notification of bankruptcy.

19. Is there an automatic discharge for a bankrupt? 

There is no automatic discharge of a bankrupt in Malaysia laws, irrespective of age. Only bankrupt with a good conduct can be considered for a discharge. Good conduct means:

(a) Good co-operation as and when required by any officer of MdI; 

(b) Upon being adjudged a bankrupt, he will attend to the MdI's office immediately when required to do so;

(c) Have submitted a complete Statement of Affairs within a stipulated time given by MdI;

(d) Regularity in making payments or monthly contribution;

(e) Compliance with the DGI's and Court order;

(f) Compliance with all the restrictions under section 38 of Bankruptcy Act 1967;

(g) Submitting an Income and Expenditure Statements every six months;

(h) Informing the Department of any changes of address and income;

(i) Did not make any direct payment to the creditors; and

(j) Declaration of dividend

DGI has discretion to discharge a bankrupt based on certain specific factors but must also be accompanied with factor of good conduct. The factors are:

· health problem/prolong illness (supported by medical report); 

· too old (70 years old and above); and

· case administration exceed 5 years.  However, the bankrupt must have shown a good conduct prior to the suffering/ illness.

20. Once I’m declared as a bankrupt by the Court, will my other secured or unsecured creditors have the power to deal with my properties?

Generally, once you're declared as a bankrupt, all properties vest in the DGI. Nevertheless, a secured creditor may deal with your property under section 8(2) of the Bankruptcy Act whereby such property will be realized within 6 months from the date where a Receiving Order. In cases of unsecured creditors, they have no power to deal with your property and if any unsecured creditor intends to proceed with any legal action against you, it may only be commenced with the leave of the court. Apart from filing a suit against you, unsecured creditors should file their Proof of Debt.

21. Since I need the permission of DGI to continue my existing job or for future employment, what steps shall I take to obtain such permission?

You must forward a written application to the DGI through any MdI branch where your case is being administered. Please take note that together with your letter, you must attach a copy of all relevant documents to support your application such as, a letter confirming your current employment of future recruitment, list of your job scope within the organization, pay slip and an official company search of your organization. 

If the DGI decides to grant you the permission, he may impose conditions as he thinks fit. You must remember that it is compulsory for you to comply with all the conditions notified to you as failure of compliance will subject you to contempt of court, punishable with imprisonment.

22. Since I’m a bankrupt, what will happen to my property? 

All properties shall vest on the DGI except for those listed under section 48(1)(a)(ii) of the Bankruptcy Act 1967. This includes the tools of his trade and the necessary wearing apparel and bedding and other like necessaries of himself, his wife and children to a value not exceeding RM 5,000.00 in the whole. All your properties which are vested on the DGI will be sold and when completed, the proceeds shall be distributed amongst creditors.

23. What are the disqualifications of a bankrupt?

Upon the adjudication, the bankrupt is disqualified from:

(a) holding the office of a Member of Parliament;

(b) holding public office;

(c) holding certain positions in statutory bodies, registered societies or organizations;

(d) practising in certain professions;

(e) carrying on business alone or in partnership or by way of a company;

(f) working in the business of a relative;

(g) maintaining any action without the sanction of DGI other than an action for damages in respet of an injury to his person;

(h) leaving Malaysia without the previous permission of DGI or court;

(i) receiving pension or other gratuity; and

(j) enforcing his rights under certain legislation.

24. What are the procedures to be followed by a person once he’s been adjudged a bankrupt?

Once a person has been adjudged bankrupt by the court, he must attend to MdI's branch that administers his bankruptcy case. The branch that administers a bankrupt's case usually is the one nearest to the High Court where the bankruptcy order was made. Once he attends the branch, he will be required under the bankruptcy law to provide his details in a preliminary enquiries session, among others his full name, identification number, residential address, details on family members and causes of his bankruptcy. The bankrupt will also be required to file in Statement of Affairs which needs him to disclose his assets and liabilities to the DGI.

25. What are the responsibilities of a bankrupt?

Upon the making of the bankruptcy order and throughout the bankruptcy period, a bankrupt must give full co-operation with the DGI in the administration of his bankruptcy and the realization of his assets. The bankrupt must provide information on his assets and liabilities, financial transactions and other relevant matters.

Bankrupt's responsibilities include:

Attending at the DGI's office as soon as possible upon the making of the Receiving Order and Adjudication Order and other subsequent meetings with the DGI whenever notified;

Handing over all assets to the DGI;

Submitting a completed Statement of Affairs;

Submitting an Income and Expenditure Statements every six (6) months;

Attending all meetings of creditors;

Making contribution / payments towards bankruptcy estate out of personal income;

Refrain from obtaining further credit;

Shall not to obtain a credit of RM1,000.00 or more from any person without informing the creditor his status as a bankrupt;

Not to make payments direct to the creditors;

Informing the DGI immediately of all changes of name, address, telephone number, income, property and other relevant information;

Responding to the DGI's inquiries within a stipulated time; andComplying with DGI's, Court orders and provisions in the Bankruptcy Act 1967

26. What are the risks taken by financial institutions if they decide to give loan to a person who has already been made a bankrupt?

If the lender is aware of the bankruptcy status of the borrower and decides to approve the loan nonetheless, the risk will be upon the lender. The lender must bear all risks in the event the borrower i.e. the bankrupt fails to service the loan.

27. What effect does bankruptcy have on the employment of a bankrupt in certain professions?

A bankrupt may not engage in particular trades or professions where there may be certain restrictions imposed by professional associations or licensing authorities, such as lawyer, accountant, liquidator, quantity surveyor or act as a director of a company. The relevant professional bodies should be consulted for further information.

28. What happens to the bankrupt’s assets or properties once he is adjudged bankrupt?

According to Section 24 (4) of the Bankruptcy Act 1967, all of the assets and properties of the bankrupt will be vested upon the DGI.

29. What is bankruptcy? 

Bankruptcy refers to a process where a debtor will be declared a bankrupt pursuant to a court order. All property belonging to the bankrupt will vest on the Director General of Insolvency (DGI) and the DGI has the responsibility to sell all such assets. Once this is completed, the proceeds of the sale will be distributed among creditors who have filed their proof of debts with the DGI's office.

30. What is the difference between an annulment of a bankruptcy order and a discharge from a bankruptcy order?

An annulment has the effect of terminating a bankruptcy order that was made against you, as if the bankruptcy order was never made. On the other hand, discharge from a bankruptcy order relieves you from all of your debts provable in the bankruptcy except for debts due to the Government, State, and Attorney General in respect of bail bonds and any provable debts which were incurred by means of fraud or fraudulent breach of trust.

31. What should I do once I am a bankrupt? 

Once you have been adjudged a bankrupt, you are advised to come to our Branch as soon as possible. The Branch that is administering your case will be at the same state where the the bankruptcy order is/was made. You are expected to give full cooperation and disclose every detail pertaining to your income to our Insolvency Officer. We will then assist you in completing all mandatory forms.

32. Whether a bankrupt is allowed to deal with his assets for instance charge his property? 

A bankrupt is not allowed to deal with his property as provided under Section 24 (4) of the Bankruptcy Act 1967 because all of his assets and properties will be vested upon the DGI. Therefore, any transactions and dealings on his properties can only be made by the DGI. A bankrupt is also not allowed to enter into any dealings which involve monetary value.

33. Why are there instances where a person is unaware that he/she has been declared bankrupt by the Court? 

There are few reasons why a bankrupt is unaware of his bankruptcy status, among others is when the service of Bankruptcy Notice and Creditor's Petition was made by way of substituted service. Substituted service is made via an advertisement in local newspaper or posted on the notice board in court. A bankrupt may not be aware that a bankruptcy proceeding has been initiated against him. Substituted service is done when the bankrupt cannot be located mainly due to a change of address.

34. Will the status of bankrupt affect my existing job or my future opportunity to be employed as an ordinary employee? 

When you are declared a bankrupt, it would not deny you of your right to continue serving with your current organization. Neither would this status prevent you from any future or potential recruitment. However, you must be subjected to your terms of contract with your current employer. For instance, where the contract requires you to inform the employer if you are declared a bankrupt, then you must inform your employer of your status.

I used to get nuts for not able to figure out how people can ended not able to pay RM 30,000 debts. I am still getting nuts for not able to figure out today.

Car installment RM 500 for Myvi

Starbuck RM 30 x 4 RM 120

Cellphone bill RM 100

Petrol RM 250

Food RM 8 x 3 x 30 = RM 720

Total RM 1,690 = Savings RM 810 if one earns RM 2,500

So saving after 1st year coming out to work =  RM 9,720. Ya....hooooo.....can buy a nice iPhone and some new shirts and shoe.

Work damn hard, got RM 300 increment. New salary will be RM 2,800. So how to get bankrupt?

You can if you have this scenario

Car installment RM 1,217 for a sexy Europe car in the range of RM 100,000.

Starbuck RM 30 x 4 = RM 120

Cellphone bill RM 100

Petrol RM 300

Food RM 8 x 3 x 30 = RM 720

Recreation, Shopping, travel RM 500

Total RM 2,957. If one earns RM 2,500

Ended up debts of RM 5,484 after a year on credit cards.

Year end - travel to Europe - RM 15,000 on credit card, swear will cut expense after the trip.

So, total debts = RM 20,484. Interest 18% a year or monthly interest RM 307/month. Not to mention car insurance of at least RM 3,000, etc......

If we do the math, it does not take long to be GAME OVER.